First Jumuʿah of Ramaḍān

First Jumuʿah of Ramaḍān

Question:

Is there any authenticity to the virtue of the first Jumuʿah of Ramaān, that one who recites the kalimah forty times on the first Jumuʿah of Ramaān will be gain the reward equal to a complete ajj, and one who tells another will be rewarded equally to that of two complete ajjs?

Answer:

This has been circulated on social media and networking sites. However, the message has only been written in the English language; no Arabic text was provided. Nothing of its like can be found in the major books of adīth, nor in later compilations like Mishkāt al-Maābī.

There are significant similarities between Ḥajj and the month of Ramaḍān, as Shaykh Abū ’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī al-Nadwī  ؒ has listed in his Taʾammulāt fī al-Qurʾān al-Karīm.[1] For example, both are connected to the two days of ʿĪd. Interestingly, Imām Ibn Ḥibbān  ؒ and others have narrated a adīth, with a aī chain, on the authority of Abū Hurayrah ؓ that the Prophet  said:

«لا تصوموا يوم الجمعة، فإنه يوم عيد، إلا أن تَصِلوه بأيام»

“Do not fast on the day of Jumuʿah, for it is a day of ʿĪd, unless you combine it with [other] days.[2]

In this adīth, the day of Jumuʿah, too, has been called an ʿĪd. There is another adīth reported by Imām Ibn Mājah  ؒ in his Sunan, with a asan chain, on the authority of Abū Lubābah b. ʿAbd al-Mundhir  ؓ that the Prophet  said:

«إن يوم الجمعة سيد الأيام، وأعظمها عند الله، وهو أعظم عند الله من يوم الأضحى ويوم الفطر»

“The day of Jumuʿah is the leader of days, and the greatest [day] according to Allāh. It is even greater, according to Allāh, than the day of Aḍḥā and the day of Fir.[3]

Another link between Ramaḍān and the day of Jumuʿah is found in another adīth reported by Imām Muslim  ؒ in his aī, on the authority of Abū Hurayrah  ؓ that the Prophet  said:

«الصلوات الخمس، والجمعة إلى الجمعة، ورمضان إلى رمضان، مكفّرات ما بينهنّ إذا اجتنب الكبائر»

“The five prayers, one Jumuʿah to the next, and one Ramaān to the next, are [all] atonements for [the sins] in between them, when [one] refrains from the major sins.”[4]

However, while there are commonalities between Jumuʿah, Ramaḍān and Ḥajj, there appears to be not a single narration to support the virtue stated in the question. Therefore, one ought to refrain from circulating such a message. Since many fabricated narrations entail promise of reward and virtue, the ʿulamāʾ advise precaution in forwarding messages of such nature.

There are, nevertheless, virtues of the month of Ramaḍān and the day of Jumuʿah individually. All of the major books entail separate chapters dedicated to the virtues of fasting, and others to the day of Jumuʿah. Many of such authentic narrations can be read in Riyā al-āliīn.

Answered by Shahin-ur Rahman, Northampton.

Friday 2nd Ramaḍān 1436 AH / 19th June 2015 CE

Approved by Shaykh Dr. Abul Hasan Hussain Ahmed, London.


[1] See al-Nadwī, Abū ’l-Ḥasan, Taʾammulāt fī al-Qurʾān al-Karīm, Dār al-Qalam, Damascus (1420/1999), pp. 27-29.

[2] Ibn Ḥibbān (3610).

[3] Ibn Mājah (1084).

[4] Muslim (233).

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